Fashion Trends from Ancient India to Modern India

Fashion Trends in India

We all know history and fashion are the two things that never fail to repeat themselves. The fashion trends repeat after a decade or two, bringing changes and old tastes in the current trends.

Indian civilization is the same age as the age of fashion in India. India is the second biggest exporter in the textile industry. Fashion is as essential as food and water for the current generation, and we all know thrust will increase in the future.

And do not be wrong by connecting fashion with just putting pretty dresses; it is so much more than that. For years Saree Petticoat was the trending fashion for Indian Women. Today we will talk about the changing fashion trends our country has seen.

Ancient India

In ancient India also, fashion had its roots since the beginning of civilization. During this time, proven by the excavation that women during the time of Harappa and Indus valley civilization wore clothes made of cotton fabric.

In that time, priests wore a robe type cloth over his shoulders, and men wore turbans, and women wore long skirts. The fabric was taken by growing flax seeds, and silkworms were used to create silk feathers.

Women and men both wore jewelry like bangles, beaded necklaces, and earrings.

The Vedic Era

In this era, for the upper part of the body, people wear clothes as a body wrap that is fastened on the shoulder area with a belt or a pin. A cloth was worn on the lower part with straps, and it was called Paridhana. And Uttaiya was a winter shawl like a garment.

This was the time when stitching started, and the most comfortable thing people could stitch was a saree, and sooner they started stitching blouses and choli and dupatta. But choli and dupatta started late in the era.

In this era, the men wore dhoti, which was separated by pleats, but they wore no upper garment.

Time of Dynasties

After the Vedic period, India was ruled by many dynasties, dynasties like Mauryas, Sungas, Guptas, And Kushas. Clothes like wool, silk, cotton, jute, linen, and muslin also made its way through these dynasties.

Women in the Mauryan and Sunga dynasty wore a cloth named ‘antariya’, it was a small piece of fabric that was fastened on the waist, and a small strip went from front to the back. There were many ways women wore ‘antariyas’; they even came embroidered in gold and with precious stones.

This attire was available in so many different types of clothes. The change in men’s styles was not that great. It just changes in height, men cloth went from keens to calves to ankles. And both men and women wore jewelry.

During The Royal Period

Mughal Empire

During this period, Muslim clothes were ported through the southern part of India to the Roman Empire, in 2nd century AD. This is also evidence that the stitching of garments as well established before the 10th century AD.

Saree was worn in many different styles and forms. Women at this time wore skirts and a top part over their shoulder, and women covered their heads with veils at this time. ‘Anatariya’ was still worn by women of this time, especially by working women.

During the fights with British, we evidently see women wearing saree with the frill portion tucked on their back, and it went through between the legs. White saree were worn by the widows of the society and younger women tend to only wear bright colors saree.

Men wore long kurtas that reached their knees with pants under them.

 British era

For so long, the sari has been a trademark of India; for ages, India’s women wore it. But when the British came, they did not just infiltrate India; they invaded our fashion industry also at that time.

They came with new designs and clothing; the clothes for men were tuxedos, trousers, and pants; for women, clothes were gowns, dresses, and skirts.

And as a result, many people were influenced by it. And hence new fashion elements were put in our fashion industry.


When Britishers left, they left a huge implant on our fashion trends and also opened us to the international fashion industry.

Heavy ornaments and embroidery saree were part of this time; the slowly rich bright colors, polka dots, bell-bottoms, and oversized glasses came into trend.

Thus this marked the shift from shy Indian clothes to modern Indian garments. Women at this time also start determining their roles in society. Jeans became more common and replaced salwar, and tops replaced kameez.

People minimized their use of banarasi and chikankari and started using different types of western clothes for regular clothing; instead of khadi and cotton, people began using chiffon and satin.

Modern period

In our period, Bollywood is the primary influence on our fashion trends, and the impact of media, internet and TV. Now the fashion is globalized and new dresses like a one-piece dress, sportswear, halter tops, skirts, and floral gown have become more common forms of clothing.

Now, People started going for styles and trends. Now, people instead go for traditional dresses, they go after bolder, modern and western clothes like shorts, Capri, jackets, skirts, and pants.

The fusion of Indo western style can also be witnessed by witnessing jeans’ comfort with traditional kurtas. And these types of combination with bolder types of clothes rule the market.

They are trends and are getting adopted by college students, working, elder, youngsters, and almost every Indian.

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