liver transplant surgery in india
liver transplant surgery in india

Types of Liver Diseases that Lead to Transplantation

Liver Transplant is performed when a person is suffering from chronic liver disease, or the liver has been damaged completely. During a liver transplant, the damaged liver is replaced with a whole or a part of a healthy liver. In this article, we will help you to understand the types of liver diseases that lead to liver transplant surgery in India.

Functions of the liver. The liver regulates most chemical levels in the blood and excretes a product called bile. This helps carry away waste products from the liver. All the blood leaving the stomach and intestines passes through the liver.

What Is The Function Of The Liver?

The liver is a vital organ and has essential functions like metabolizing drugs and toxins, synthesis of proteins and enzymes, and removal of standard degradation products of normal body metabolism. The organ also removes bacteria and toxins from the blood, prevents infection, and regulates immune responses.

The liver controls most chemical levels in the blood. It also secretes a clear yellow or orange fluid called bile. Bile helps to break down fats, preparing them for further digestion and absorption. All of the blood leaving the stomach and intestines passes through the liver. The liver processes this blood and breaks down balances, and creates nutrients for the body to use. It also breaks down (metabolizes) medicines in the blood into forms that are easier for the body to use. The liver does many important things including:

At the point when the liver has separated destructive substances, they are discharged into the bile or blood. Bile side-effects enter the digestive tract and eventually leave the body in defecations. Blood side-effects are sifted through by the kidneys and leave the body as pee.

When Does A Person Need A Liver Transplant?

A person requires a liver transplant when there is no other cure for the damaged liver except a liver transplant. It is usually recommended when the person is facing several complications because of end-stage chronic liver disease. It is also suggested in rare cases like a sudden failure of a healthy liver.

Liver transplantation is vital when the liver capacities are harmed past the body’s ability to recover. In kids and grown-ups with liver disappointment because of long-standing liver illness, essential liver tumors, or summed up sicknesses, liver transplantation might be conceivably corrective. 1-7

The explanations behind liver transfer again shift with the patient’s age and seriousness of the infection.

The most common chronic liver disease is scarring of the liver, which is also known as cirrhosis. In this disease, the normal tissues of the liver are replaced with scar tissues which cause the liver not to function correctly.

Here is the list of diseases that might lead to liver transplant surgery in India:

Here is the list of diseases that might lead to liver transplant surgery in India:

  • Metabolic Diseases:
  • Tyrosinemia
  • Wilson’s disease
  • Urea cycle deficiency
  • Alpha-antitrypsin deficiency
  • Glycogen Storage disease
  • Neonatal hemochromatosis
  • Maple Syrup Urine Disease
Intrahepatic Cholestasis:

  • Familial intrahepatic cholestasis (Byler disease)
  • Idiopathic neonatal hepatitis
  • Alagille’s syndrome (bile duct paucity syndrome)
Acute and Chronic Hepatitis:
  • Chronic active hepatitis with cirrhosis
  • Autoimmune
  • Idiopathic
  • Hepatitis B
  • Hepatitis C
Fulminant hepatic failure
  • Viral
  • Toxin or drug-induced
Obstructive Biliary Tract Liver Disease:
  • Primary Sclerosing cholangitis
  • Extrahepatic biliary atresia
Traumatic and Post-surgical Biliary Tract Diseases:
  • Hepatic tumors (liver tumors)
  • Hepatoblastoma
  • Hepatocellular carcinoma
  • Other hepatic tumors
Other types of Liver Diseases:

  • Caroli Disease
  • Cryptogenic cirrhosis
  • Congenital hepatic fibrosis
  • Cirrhosis secondary to prolonged total parenteral nutrition
  • Cystic fibrosis
  • Budd-Chiari

What Are The Outcomes Of A Liver Transplant?

The overall outcome of liver transplant surgery in India is promising. However, there are several factors that you might consider before undergoing liver transplant surgery. The survival rate of a patient after a liver transplant is about 88%. And the survival of a patient after five years of transplant is 73%.

Stanford’s Liver Transplant Program is viewed as one of the most dynamic and effective liver transfer communities in the nation. After quite a long time after a year, our transfer program has outflanked the normal and public patient and unite (relocated liver) endurance rates. We give the most elevated level of care to help expand and improve the personal satisfaction of every one of our patients

Conclusion

Every surgery comes with some risks and complications. However, several factors are responsible for liver transplant surgery to be successful. One must analyze thoroughly which hospital or surgeon to choose before undergoing liver transplant surgery in India. Max Healthcare is one of the best hospitals in India for liver transplant surgery.