A stroke generally happens when the blood vessels of your brain get blocked or burst out. This can result in temporary or permanent damage to your brain and entire body because your head almost stops functioning when no blood gets supplied to it. That is why experts recommend observing any signs of brain stoke closely and getting medical help on time. It is the only way you can get proper stroke treatment to avoid any significant damage to your brain or body.
Your body will initially show several signs of having a stroke, for example, speaking trouble, continuous severe headache, problems with walking, paralysis, and numbness. Once you encounter any of these symptoms, you should immediately run to a nearby hospital. There, the experts will perform some tests to diagnose stroke. These include:
- Blood tests
- CT Scan
- Physical examination of general skills and behaviour
- Carotid Ultrasound
- Cerebral Angiogram
Through these diagnostic tests, the doctors will analyse your condition to determine the underlying issue. They will begin with the treatment only when they are sure of a stroke.
Depending on the stroke’s severity, the doctors will either operate you immediately or provide you with some medications to treat the stroke and repair the brain cells that got damaged due to no blood supply. This process of brain cell regeneration is called neurogenesis. These remedies have to be taken at least for a few months after the stroke when the major recovery happens. Else a number of problems can occur, including:
- Memory loss
- Motor skill paralysis
- Speech problems
- Half or entire body paralysis
- Vision difficulties
Basically, your body won’t be able to function as usual if you don’t take your medications properly. Therefore, you should go by the guidelines provided by your doctor so that you can get appropriately cured.
Medication For Stroke Treatment
The overall medication and treatment of your stroke will depend on the type of it. There are majorly two kinds of strokes: Ischemic or Hemorrhagic. They have different treatments.
Ischemic Stroke: Damage to the brain from interruption of its blood supply. A stroke is a medical emergency. Symptoms of stroke include trouble walking, speaking, and understanding, as well as paralysis or numbness of the face, arm, or leg. Early treatment with medications like tPA (clot buster) can minimize brain damage. Other treatments focus on limiting complications and preventing additional strokes.
This happens when your brain’s blood vessels get blocked due to the presence of a clot in them. That is why the medications taken here are emergency IV type that helps in thinning your blood and maintaining its flow into your brain. These have to be taken within the first few hours of symptoms to avoid any significant damage to the body.
Medication Treatment with Alteplase IV r-tPA
Considered the gold standard, tissue plasminogen activator – r-tPA (otherwise known as alteplase) is approved by the Food and Drug Administration to treat ischemic stroke, which is caused when a vessel supplying blood to the brain is blocked.
Doctors administer Alteplase IV r-tPA through an IV in the arm, dissolving the clot and improving blood flow to the part of the brain being deprived. Many people don’t arrive at the hospital in time to receive the medication, which can save lives and reduce long-term effects of stroke. So it’s important to identify stroke and seek treatment immediately.
Hemorrhagic Stroke: Opposite to the previous one, this happens when your brain’s blood vessels burst out. The medication taken here helps in counteracting the blood-thinning action in your body. This prevents unnecessary blood flowing into the brain. Moreover, certain medicines are also included in these cases to lower the blood pressure, prevent seizures, and avoid blood vessels’ spasms. In short, the medication here works almost in the reverse of the ischemic stroke medicines.
Apart from these, neurogenesis medication is also included in both cases to help recover your damaged brain cells and make your body function normally again.
When a weakened blood vessel ruptures and spills blood into brain tissue, it’s called a hemorrhagic stroke. The treatment goal is to stop the bleeding, but understanding the cause is important.
The most common cause for the rupture is uncontrolled hypertension (high blood pressure). There are two other types of weakened blood vessels that can also cause hemorrhagic stroke: aneurysms (swelling within vessels) and arteriovenous malformations or AVMs (abnormal tangles of blood vessels).;
A small tube called a catheter can sometimes be threaded up through a major artery in an arm or leg and guided into the brain tissue, allowing the surgeon to use cameras to see the problem.
Once the catheter is guided to the source of the bleeding, it deposits a mechanical agent, such as a coil, to prevent further rupture.
This type of procedure is endovascular, meaning that the surgeon gains access through the vascular system, making it less invasive than conventional surgical treatment.
Sometimes surgery is required to secure a blood vessel at the base of the aneurysm.
Despite knowing all this information, you must consult your doctor regarding your medical condition as soon as you encounter any signs of a stroke. They will properly examine your body and provide you with suitable medication for stroke treatment according to your individual requirements.