Vertigo is a condition characterized by dizzy spells, lightheadedness, nausea, vomiting, & sensations of the surroundings spinning or moving even when they are not. It is a very common condition, usually diagnosed in the middle-age years. Vertigo episodes can occur either just once or a few times in a person’s entire life or can recur at certain periods of time. These episodes can last anywhere between 2 minutes to a few hours, & the intensity of Vertigo symptoms can vary from mild to severe. In this article know about the chronic vertigo causes, symptoms, medicine, and treatment.
It’s important to remember that Vertigo isn’t a disease in itself, rather a symptom of an underlying illness(s), or the result of some head or neck injury, viral infection, ear surgery, or a disturbance in the central nervous system. Uncovering this exact cause of your Vertigo may help greatly with Vertigo diagnosis & Vertigo treatment.
In some cases, there is no known or determined cause for Vertigo, & it seems to arise out of some unexplained reason or issue in the central nervous system. In such cases, your doctor might prescribe certain Vertigo treatment exercises as part of your Vertigo treatment, along with some safe medicines for dizziness. Vertigo episodes usually get better with time on their own, & most people recover fully without ever needing to visit a doctor.
For some other people, Vertigo symptoms don’t get better with time, rather only worsen. These people are said to be suffering from Chronic Vertigo, or Vertigo that lasts unusually long & doesn’t resolve on its own. Aside from a continuous frustration about feeling dizzy, nauseous, disoriented, & out-of-balance, people suffering from Chronic Vertigo also are at increased danger of falling down or losing consciousness in the middle of some tedious activity.
Their Vertigo symptoms also put them at risk for getting into fatal accidents & badly injuring themselves during common everyday activities like walking, running, lifting stuff, etc.
The Vertigo symptoms of chronic Vertigo patients experience include:
- Feelings of nausea
- Increased sweating
- Vomiting sensations
- Unusual eye movements also called jerking
- Disorientation or loss of balance
- Ringing sound in the ears
- Partial or full loss of hearing
Risk Factors for Chronic Vertigo
There are certain risk factors that increase the probability of a patient suffering from chronic Vertigo. Aside from the exact underlying cause of your Vertigo, these symptoms also affect a patient’s probability of suffering from Chronic Vertigo. These factors include:
Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo (BPPV):
BPPV is one of the most commonly diagnosed types of vertigo. It is usually caused by a problem with the inner ear, specifically the displacement of tiny crystals that control nerve impulses inside the vestibular system of the inner ear. A BPPV Vertigo diagnosis is one of the most prominent reasons for a patient to suffer from Chronic Vertigo. Patients suffering from BPPV experience recurring symptoms that usually last a minute or two.
Vertigo episodes caused by Meniere’s Disease, an inner ear disorder that leads to ringing sounds in the ears otherwise also known as Tinnitus, usually last for a few hours. These episodes are also severe in intensity as compared to episodes of other types of Vertigo. Being diagnosed with Meniere’s Disease is also one of the many markers of experiencing Chronic Vertigo.
Problems in the inner ear:
Vertigo symptoms arising out of an infection or inflammation in the inner ear, usually last for the entire duration of the infection. Visiting your doctor to get a better understanding of the condition & a better Vertigo treatment plan will help greatly. They might suggest certain antibiotics or antivirals depending on the pathogen that caused the infection, along with certain medicines for dizziness.
Head injury or strokes:
Any kind of head or neck injury, along with strokes, can lead to Vertigo symptoms, & is one of the determining factors for suffering from Chronic Vertigo.
Aside from these causes, there could be certain other factors for being diagnosed with chronic vertigo.
What to do about Chronic Vertigo
Aside from a few common precautions like not undertaking tedious activities that involve heavy lifting, running long distances, jumping, driving, operating heavy machinery, etc., there are certain Vertigo treatments for Chronic Vertigo. There are also other medications, Vertigo treatment exercises, & home remedies for Vertigo that can be prescribed for Vertigo treatment.
Some of these most commonly prescribed Vertigo treatment exercises, medicines for dizziness, & home remedies include:
- Acupuncture therapy for relieving pressure on nerve endings
- Staying away from caffeine, alcohol, & tobacco
- Always staying adequately hydrated
- Taking certain herbal supplements like Ginkgo Biloba, etc.
Medicines for Dizziness
Certain medicines for dizziness & Vertigo symptoms might help reduce the severity of the attacks & help patients lead better lives. These medications include:
- Anti-nausea medications, for eg., promethazine, also called Phenergan
- Sedative medicines, for eg., diazepam, also called valium
- Antihistamine medications, for eg., diphenhydramine, also called Benadryl
These medications may also be administered via the mouth, patches, IV drips, or suppository. These medicines are available in both prescription and Over-The-Counter(OTC) form. Aside from these medicines for dizziness & Vertigo treatment, physical therapy, which is also called vestibular rehabilitation, is also helpful. These exercises help your brain form better-coping strategies to deal with the loss of the natural balance system & coordination in the body. Your doctor will help you perform these exercises initially & overtime, you can learn to do these on your own. These exercises include the Epley Maneuver, the modified Epley Maneuvers, the Foster maneuver, the Semont Toupet maneuver, the Brandt-Daroff exercises, & the half-somersault exercises.
These Vertigo treatment exercises help the body make up for the losses due to the issues in the Vestibular system, by helping the fluid inside the inner ear move in its original position. These maneuvers might provide relief either instantly, or may take some time. In most cases, however, Vertigo goes away on its own, & patients need only wait sometime before the Vertigo symptoms resolve in their own time.
These home remedies & Vertigo treatment exercises are also extremely helpful in the alleviation of Chronic Vertigo. Vertigo treatment for patients with Chronic Vertigo needs to focus on the resolution of the exact underlying condition that is causing the Vertigo symptoms, aside from taking medicines for dizziness & exercises for Vertigo. Vertigo treatment also highly depends on the specialists & the treatment center you choose. With expert Vertigo & dizziness specialists, Chronic Vertigo treatment becomes a breeze & also shows results in very little time.